Orgo Unit 3.1 Discussion

Orgo Unit 3.1 Discussion -...

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Describe the factors that lead to Markovnikov's Rule Choose a reaction example  that follows Markovnikovs Rule, describe the reaction and highlight the factors According to page 231 of our textbook, Organic Chemistry with Biological Applications , Markovnikov’s Rule states that, “In the addition of HX [hydrogen halides] to an alkene, the more highly substituted carbocation is formed as the intermediate rather than the less highly substituted one.” In order to better understand Markovnikov’s Rule, let us first consider the context in which it applies: addition reactions. More specifically, in reactions with hydrogen halides (HX) and alkenes, hydrogen halides add to the pi- bonds of alkenes to yield alkyl halides. If you recall from the concepts we covered in previous units, halogen atoms are considered to be highly electronegative. Therefore, when bonded with a hydrogen atom, we are left with a molecule that is highly polarized. The consequence of this is that when we bring together a hydrogen halide molecule and an alkene, the pi bond of
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Orgo Unit 3.1 Discussion -...

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