Hinnebusch Chapters 1-4.pdf - Hinnebusch Chapts 1-4 Raymond...

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Hinnebusch Chapts. 1-4 Raymond Hinnebusch – Chapt. 1&2 (Core and Periphery) Marxist / Structuralist Theory Core - Developed World (1st World) - institutions, arms, technology and military power Periphery - underdeveloped world (3rd world) - cheap labor, abundant raw material, artificial boundaries, puppet governments (dependency as a result - asymmetrical dependency) Bc of the above, penetrated systems not able to stand on their own, tribal and/or anti-colonial unrest, hence the new elite’s dependency on the core to sustain their own authority when challenged by their own citizens “Internal enemies" Incongruence between identity and sovereignty and constant rebellion (or potential for rebellion) and legitimacy crisis as a result. This also helps the west because it maintains their influence over the periphery state Because Western states have “spheres of influence” elsewhere, those states over which they have influence are “penetrated” states. Defensive / O ff ensive arms crisis - deciding who gets defensive arms and who gets o ff ensive arms Galtung’s Structural Model of Imperialism Hinnebusch bases a large part of his argument o ff of this theory 1) Core Created and left behind client elites and classes which have an interest in dependent relations (pg. 3) Even though US had no real foreign police towards the ME early on, they did have influence in the region through educational systems 2) Regional states were linked to the core, in feudal like North/South relations while south/south relations were shattered Instead of aligning themselves along south/south lines, they are dependent on northern powers, and so align themselves north/south, which in turn reinforces the Core powers A rigged system, shattering the possibilities of cooperation between Arab countries Also applies to Africa and Latin America Moon 1995 (foreign policy) -create ‘constrained consensus’ from the overlap of local elite’s economic interests, world views (Western Education) and threat

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