Taner Akcam .pdf - A Shameful Act u2013 Taner Akcam*The...

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A Shameful Act – Taner Akcam **The Neighbors – Book by NYU Professor** A Shameful Act – Taner Akcam Ackman believed that Western writers about the ME were wrong about “relative peace” of O.E. during this time, that they ignored other accounts of what happened Sources of Law Dhimmi and Sharia Law Armenians and other “minorities” in power doesn’t negate the fact that there was discrimination Church - to the extent recognized by Islamic Law Islamic law wasn’t really that consistent Churches either date back centuries before the Ottomans, or they were from a time when they were allowed to build them Capitulations after 1453 Trade perks given to first French, then others, to extend O.E. trading boundaries They’re also a way for Euro powers to claim representative power over the Christians of the empire (mid 1500s onwards) Peace Treaties Post 1839 (Tanzimat (means reordering)/Gulhane Edict), 1856 (Islahat Fermani), 1876 (First constitutional Mov), 1908 (Second Constitutional Mov) - legislations in response to European modernity Started to solve the duality of law predicament The Ottoman Military Machine is ine ff ective, and wanted to modernize that, which led to modernization in other areas O.E. sent o cers to France/Germany or brought French and German o cers there to help modernize Got rid of that system where they stole kids and put them into the army (by 1850) But it’s too late bc the Balkans are already “on fire” Other than the military, elites were not very interested in actually giving rights to its non-muslim/turkish citizens Turkish Modernization - a history of perpetual alignment Turkey is always trying to catch up with Europe, but not very hard (they don’t really want to modernize, a lá the 1850s) They were this great empire and now they have to comply with the “dirty/inferior Europeans" Mass migration from Balkans and Russia to the O.E., increasing the non-Muslim population just when the state was trying to align itself more firmly with the Muslim population Periodization
Principles of Islamic law dominant in the first period until 1535 - then capitulations and exceptions Peoples of the book considered “okay” Dhimmi status - obligated to protect, mercy -jizya tax, subservience, not a relationship of equals

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