PP5.ppt intro - Chapter 5 Learning Learning Processes...

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Chapter 5: Learning
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Learning Processes Classical conditioning Behaviorism Operant conditioning
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Adaptation to the Environment Learning—any process through which experience at one time can alter an individual’s behavior at a future time
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Adaptation to the Environment Conditioning—the process of learning the associations between environmental events and behavioral responses
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Behaviorism The attempt to understand observable activity in terms of observable stimuli and observable responses John B. Watson (1913) B. F. Skinner (1938)
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Ivan Pavlov (1849–1936)
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Pavlov’s Dogs Digestive reflexes and salivation Psychic secretion
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Neutral Stimulus—Bell Does not normally elicit a response or reflex action by itself a bell ringing a color a furry object
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Unconditioned Stimulus—Food Always elicits a reflex action: an unconditioned response food blast of air noise
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Unconditioned Response— Salivation A response to an unconditioned stimulus— naturally occurring Salivation at smell of food Eye blinks at blast of air Startle reaction in babies
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Conditioned Stimulus—Bell The stimulus that was originally neutral becomes conditioned after it has been paired with the unconditioned stimulus Will eventually elicit the unconditioned response by itself
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Conditioned Response The original unconditioned response becomes conditioned after it has been elicited by the neutral stimulus
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