PP6 - Chapter 6: Memory Stage Model of Memory Three Stages...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–17. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 6: Memory
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Stage Model of Memory
Background image of page 2
Three Stages of Memory Three memory stores that differ in function, capacity, and duration Long-term Memory Working or Short-term Memory Sensory Input Sensory Memory Attention Encoding Retrieval Maintenance Rehearsal
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Sensory Memory Function—holds information long enough to be processed for basic physical characteristics Capacity—large can hold many items at once Duration—very brief retention of images .3 seconds for visual info 2 seconds for auditory info Sensory Input Sensory Memory
Background image of page 4
Sensory Memory Divided into two types iconic memory: visual information echoic memory: auditory information George Sperling studied iconic memory Sensory Input Sensory Memory
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Sensory Memory Sensory memory forms automatically, without attention or interpretation Attention is needed to transfer information to working memory Sensory Input Sensory Memory
Background image of page 6
Sensory Memory Visual sensory memory —brief memory of an image or icon. Also called iconic memory. Auditory sensory memory —brief memory of a sound or echo. Also called echoic memory. Auditory sensory memories may last a bit longer than visual sensory memories.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Short-term or Working Memory Working or Short-term Memory Sensory Input Sensory Memory Attention
Background image of page 8
Short-term Memory Function—conscious processing of information where information is actively worked on Capacity—limited (holds 7 +/- 2 items) Duration—brief storage (about 30 seconds) Working or Short-term Memory Sensory Input Sensory Memory Attention
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Maintenance Rehearsal Mental or verbal repetition of information allows information to remain in working memory longer than the usual 30 seconds Working or Short-term Memory Sensory Input Sensory Memory Attention Maintenance Rehearsal
Background image of page 10
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Chunking Grouping small bits of information into larger units of information expands working memory load Which is easier to remember? 4 8 3 7 9 2 5 1 6 483 792 516
Background image of page 12
Long-term Memory Once information passes from sensory to working memory, it can be encoded into long-term memory Long-term Memory Working or Short-term Memory Sensory Input Sensory Memory Attention Encoding Retrieval Maintenance Rehearsal
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Long-Term Memory Function—organizes and stores information more passive form of storage than working memory Unlimited capacity Duration—thought by some to be permanent Long-term Memory Working or Short-term Memory Sensory Input Sensory Memory Attention Encoding Retrieval Maintenance Rehearsal
Background image of page 14
Long-Term Memory Encoding—process that controls movement from working to long-term memory store Retrieval—process that controls flow of information from long-term to working memory store Long-term Memory Working or Short-term Memory Sensory Input Sensory Memory Attention Encoding Retrieval Maintenance Rehearsal
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Automatic Versus Effortful Encoding Automatic processing Unconscious encoding of information Examples:
Background image of page 16
Image of page 17
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/12/2011 for the course PSYC 1630 taught by Professor Watkins during the Spring '08 term at North Texas.

Page1 / 69

PP6 - Chapter 6: Memory Stage Model of Memory Three Stages...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 17. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online