PP13 - Chapter 13: Stress, Health, and Coping Intro Stress...

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Intro Chapter 13: Stress, Health, and Coping
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Stress A negative emotional state in response to events that we perceive as taxing our resources or our ability to cope Stressors—events that are perceived as harmful, threatening, or challenging Daily hassles—everyday minor events that annoy and upset people
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Biopsychosocial Model of Health Biopsychosocial model—the belief that physical health and illness are determined by the complex interaction of biological, psychological, and social factors Health psychology—the study of how psychological factors influence health, illness, and health-related behaviors
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Change is stressful. For example, death, marriage, divorce, loss of job, having children, retirement Life Changes
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Annoying events in everyday life We all have “bad hair” days; these minor things can add up to lots of stress Daily Hassles
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Unpredictable, large-scale events can be extremely stressful and change our lives; can lead to PTSD Catastrophes
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Conflict Pull between two opposing desires or goals Approach-approach conflict choice between 2 appealing outcomes easy to resolve, low stress Avoidance-avoidance conflict choice between 2 unappealing outcomes more stressful than approach-approach Approach-avoidance conflict one goal with both appealing and unappealing aspects most stressful type of conflict often see vacillation
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Social and Cultural Sources of Stress Social conditions that promote stress poverty, racism, crime lowest SES tend to have highest levels of stress Culture clashes lead to stress company owned by different culture refugees, immigrants suffer acculturative stress
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PP13 - Chapter 13: Stress, Health, and Coping Intro Stress...

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