PP15 - Intro Chapter 15 Therapies Reasons for Seeking...

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Intro Chapter 15: Therapies
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Reasons for Seeking Therapy Psychological disorder—troubling thoughts, feelings, or behaviors that cause psychological discomfort or interfere with a person’s ability to function Troubled relationships—e.g., parent-child conflicts, unhappy marriage Life transitions—e.g., death of a loved one, dissolving marriage, adjustment to retirement
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Types of Therapy Psychotherapy—use of psychological techniques to treat emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal problems Biomedical—use of medications and other medical therapies to treat the symptoms associated with psychological disorders
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Psychoanalysis Developed by Sigmund Freud based on his theory of personality
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Causes of Psychological Problems Undesirable urges and conflicts are “repressed” or pushed to the unconscious Unconscious conflicts exert influence on behaviors, emotions, and interpersonal dynamics Understanding and insight into repressed conflicts leads to recognition and resolution
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Techniques of Psychoanalysis Free association—spontaneous report of all mental images, thoughts, feelings as a way of revealing unconscious conflicts Resistance—patient’s unconscious attempt to block revelation of unconscious material; usually sign that patient is close to revealing painful memories
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More Psychoanalytic Techniques Dream interpretation—dreams are the “royal road to the unconscious”; interpretation often reveals unconscious conflicts Transference—process where emotions originally associated with a significant person are unconsciously transferred to the therapist
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Short-Term Dynamic Therapy Interpersonal therapy (IPT) focus on current relationships; interpersonal problems seen as core of psychological symptoms; highly structured
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Other Dynamic Therapies Most therapies today are shorter- term Based on goals that are specific and attainable Therapists are more directive than traditional psychoanalysis Traditional psychoanalysis is seldom practiced today
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Humanistic Therapies Humanistic perspective emphasizes human potential, self-awareness, and free-will Humanistic therapies focus on self- perception and individual’s conscious thoughts and perceptions Client-centered (or person-centered) therapy is the most common form of humanistic therapy Carl Rogers (1902–1987)—developed this technique
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PP15 - Intro Chapter 15 Therapies Reasons for Seeking...

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