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functional-groups-handout - Origin of organic compounds...

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Organic Chemistry: Functional Groups Origin of organic compounds Naturally occurring organic compounds are found in plants, animals, and fossil fuels All of these have a plant origin All of these rely on the “fixing” of C from CO 2 Synthetic organic compounds are derived from fossil fuels or plant material Introduction Most current research focuses on Organic Originally from “organic” meaning life Not just chemistry of life, chemistry of carbon • Exceptions: –oxides of carbon (CO 2 , CO) –carbonates,bicarbonates(NaHCO 3 ,CaCO 3 ) –cyanides (NaCN, etc) C C C C C One C with no H, or with metal Carbon can form four bonds… Carbon forms four bonds Carbon can form four bonds, and forms strong covalent bonds with other elements This can be represented in many ways … CH C C CH CH CH Cl Cl C H 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 C H 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 C C O C C Cl H H H Functional groups Functional groups are parts of molecules
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