functional-groups-handout - Origin of organic compounds...

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Organic Chemistry: Functional Groups Origin of organic compounds • Naturally occurring organic compounds are found in plants, animals, and fossil fuels • All of these have a plant origin • All of these rely on the “fixing” of C from CO 2 • Synthetic organic compounds are derived from fossil fuels or plant material Introduction • Most current research focuses on Organic • Originally from “organic” meaning life • Not just chemistry of life, chemistry of carbon • Exceptions: –oxides of carbon (CO 2 , CO) –carbonates,bicarbonates(NaHCO 3 ,CaCO 3 ) –cyanides (NaCN, etc) C C C C C One C with no H, or with metal • Carbon can form four bonds… Carbon forms four bonds • Carbon can form four bonds, and forms strong covalent bonds with other elements • This can be represented in many ways … CH C CC H CH CH Cl Cl C H 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 C H 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 C C O C C Cl H H H Functional groups • Functional groups are parts of molecules
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This note was uploaded on 04/12/2011 for the course CHEM 1010 taught by Professor Marshall during the Spring '11 term at North Texas.

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