hybrid-orbitals-handout

hybrid-orbitals-handout - Hybrid Orbitals, Lewis Diagrams,...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Hybrid Orbitals, Lewis Diagrams, The Octet Rule Review • We can visualize a covalent bond as a balance between attraction and repulsion • A second way to view the formation of a bond is to consider orbital diagrams • Video (15 min - stop at HCl) • Now we can visualize atoms bonding because of the lower energy achieved via the stability of filled valence shells • The bottom line: atoms gain, lose, or share electrons to obtain noble gas electron configurations Video: filling subshells Video: filling subshells •Draw orbital diagrams for F+F, H + O, Li+F Hybrid orbitals • Two overlapping orbitals form what is known as a hybrid or molecular orbital • Just as in a s,p,d, or f orbital the electrons can be anywhere in the orbital (even though the electron has started out in one atom, at times, it may be closer to the other nucleus) • Each hybrid orbital has a specific shape (described in chapter 8) • You do not need to know shapes • You need to know that hybrid orbitals exist
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
Ask a homework question - tutors are online