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organic-synthesis-worksheet

organic-synthesis-worksheet - Type and definition of...

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Type and definition of reaction: Example Reaction equation, structural formulas, names, conditions: 1. Substitution (pg. 1025) The replacement of one atom (or group) by another atom (or group). Note substitution is the only way to add a halogen to an alkane. propane + Br 2 C C C H H H H H H H H + Br Br C C C (H)Br H (H)Br H H H H H Br(H) H + Product: 2-bromopropane or 1-bromopropane, also could be 1,2- or 1,3- or 1,1- or 2,2-dibromopropane) 2. Halogenation (pg. 1023) The addition of a halogen (group VII element) to a multiple bond (the halogen atoms add across a pi bond). propene + Cl 2 C H 3 CH CH 2 + Cl Cl C H 3 CH CH 2 Cl Cl 1,2-dichloropropane 3. Hydrogenation (pg. 1023) The addition of H 2 to a multiple bond (across a pi bond). (Hydrogenation, also known as saturation, is used commercially in the production of margarine). 1-butene + H 2 C H 2 CH CH 2 C H 3 + H H C H 2 CH CH 2 H H C H 3 butane 4. Hydrolysis (pg. 1023) The addition of a water molecule to a double bond.
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