animalreason - CHIMPANZEE: (“The Bald One”) Problem: to...

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Video: DO ANIMALS REASON? Learning: the ability to store past experiences and use those experiences for future situations - learning is related to survival in the animal world - animals use past experience to learn and/or solve problems TRIGGER FISH: Problem: reaching food (sea urchin) which has been surrounded by rocks; the fish was able to move rocks and get at food by using past experience to solve unique problem; also used innate knowledge STARLING: Problem: two types of mealworms (black = bitter; brown = good); starling was able to pick the good worms each time; used trial and error; experience pays off since starling could distinguish colours DOLPHINS: Problem: distinguish between the left light (flickering) and the right light (constant); one dolphin blindfolded; other dolphin told to wait while the blindfolded dolphin was successful in pressing the correct button next to each light; i.e. the waiting dolphin was able to communicate via sonar/radar to the other dolphin; able to transmit abstract ideas
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Unformatted text preview: CHIMPANZEE: (“The Bald One”) Problem: to get a banana which is out of her reach; by using trial and error (chimp tried to pile boxes in different ways and use a stick to get at food) she was able to reach the banana; chimp best equipped to use tools (opposable thumb) ************************************************************** KONRAD LORENZ: father of modern ethology (science of animal behaviour) IMPRINTING: the process whereby young animals become strongly attached to the first living being they see or hear- imprinting begins before birth (voice before hatched)- Lorenz showed that this process could be altered by demonstrating that goslings would happily follow a human being who greeted them shortly after birth and imitated a mother’s quacking; goslings would also know their “mothers” by sight (patterned boots) RANK ORDER: (hierarchy) - goslings learn and adopt their parents’ rank; rank order is necessary to prevent quarrels and ensure the survival of the species...
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2011 for the course ASP 121 taught by Professor Bourdon during the Winter '11 term at Lahore School of Economics.

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