psych-article1 - Curr Psychol(2009 28:225239 DOI...

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The Validity of a New, Self-report Measure of Multiple Intelligence Adrian Furnham Published online: 16 September 2009 # Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009 Abstract In all, 187 participants completed a new, self-report measure of eight multiple intelligences (Haselbauer 2005 ), a General Knowledge test (Irwing et al. Personality and Individual Differences 30:857 871, 2001 ), a measure of Approaches to Learning Styles (Biggs 1987 ), a measure of the Big Five personality traits (Costa and McCrae 1992 ), as well as gave their own estimated scores on the Gardner ( 1999 ) multiple intelligences. Alpha co-efficients were modest with only three of the eight test-derived, multiple intelligence scores being over .70. Linguistic and Mathemat- ical intelligence alone were correlated with General Knowledge. Five of the eight intelligences were correlated both with Extraversion and Openness. Regressions indicated that Intrapersonal intelligence was closely linked with Stability and Conscientiousness; Interpersonal intelligence with Extraversion; Linguistic intel- ligence with Openness; Mathematical intelligence with Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. Correlations between self-estimated and test-derived emotional intelligence showed correlations ranging from r =.18 to r =.56 for similar type intelligences . This study provides modest evidence for the concurrent and construct validity of this measure. It requires more psychometric evidence of validity before it is used. Keywords Multiple intelligences . Self-report . Validity This study aims to assess the concurrent validity of a new, self-report measure of Gardner s( 1983 , 1999 ) multiple intelligences by relating scores on this test to Curr Psychol (2009) 28:225 239 DOI 10.1007/s12144-009-9064-z A. Furnham ( * ) Department of Clinical, Educational, and Health Psychology, University College London, 26 Bedford Way, London WC1H 0AP, UK e-mail: [email protected]
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measures of personality, approaches to learning as well as crystallized intelligence and self-estimated scores of those intelligences . A web and literature search revealed two things. First, there are a number of different, but similar in design and background, self-report measures of multiple intelligence on the web. They have high face validity but no known psychometric properties, particularly reliability as well as construct and predictive validity. Second, there is no single power or ability test of multiple intelligence although attempts have been made to form a battery made up of validated power tests of each of the different intelligences (Visser et al. 2006a , b ). This study will examine the psychometric properties of a self-report measure. Gardner ( 1983 ), in many ways the modern father of multiple intelligence ,defined intelligence as the ability to solve problems or to create products that are valued within one or more cultural settings. He maintained that linguistic/verbal and logical/ mathematical are those typically valued in schools. and involved sensitivity to spoken and written language and the ability to learn languages.
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psych-article1 - Curr Psychol(2009 28:225239 DOI...

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