Unit 1 Review

Unit 1 Review - Unit 1 Review-Popular sovereignty states...

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Unit 1 Review -Popular sovereignty states that the ultimate political authority lies with the people—they can create, change, or abolish the government -Shay’s Rebellion consisted of a group of farmers that rebelled against debt/taxes and showed the government that power cannot be placed in the hands of only the elite because the people will gather and rebel. -Federalism: a political system in which there are local units of government, as well as a national government, that can make final decisions. -Unitary System: ultimate political authority is wholly in the hands of the national government so that the states are dependent on its will. -Separation of Powers: constitutional authority is shared by three separate branches of government—the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. -Checks and Balances Legislative Branch: veto override, impeachment, ability to investigate, jurisdiction of federal courts. Executive Branch: veto, appoint government positions, control of bureaucracy. Judicial Branch: ability to declare congressional/presidential actions unconstitutional. -Direct/Participatory Democracy: all/most citizens participate directly in the government by holding office or making policy. EX Greek city-states, New England town-meetings -Representative Democracy: individual leaders acquire the power to decide because of the people’s votes. -Types of Powers Delegated: powers exclusive to federal government Expressed: found in the constitution Implied: congress may pass any law it deems “necessary/proper” Inherent: exists for all national governments Reserved: powers not given to the federal government Concurrent: powers that are shared by both the Fed and the State gov’ts. Usually, Fed gets final say -The House of Representatives serve two-year terms. Senators serve staggered six-year terms and every two years, approximately 1/3 of the Senate is elected. -State legislatures originally decided who got to vote and it was originally white, property-owning males.
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2011 for the course GOVT 1 taught by Professor Boener during the Spring '11 term at Troy.

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Unit 1 Review - Unit 1 Review-Popular sovereignty states...

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