Test readings posted 2011 - What follows are the five texts...

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What follows are the five texts for the test on April 6, 2011, first in ENGLISH and then in FRENCH , all in one document. There are four written readings and one picture in each language, as promised. They are new, that is to say, we have not studied or mentioned them in the course. In each one a different sense predominates, although you may detect more than one sense at work in every case. I have made a couple of minor corrections to the version e-mailed earlier today. And this preamble is somewhat different from the one that accompanied material I handed out on March 30. You will receive the questions, one per reading or picture, on the night of the test, along with another copy of these texts. You are to write on ONLY FOUR (4) of the five (5) questions. Each question will ask you to find two comparable examples of ONE of the aspects or features of the respective reading or image, and to compare and contrast those two examples with this one. Beware of assuming that you can guess the question and work on answers in advance. Each reading or image may be compared in MORE THAN ONE WAY with texts in the course reader and the material in the lectures. The question that seems obvious to you may not be the one chosen. The best approach to revision is to make sure that you can find your way around the reader and lecture materials in the test room. Also beware of researching the background to these five texts. You are not expected to know anything more about them than what is given here. The point of the test is to see how well you can relate these texts to course material, or, if you prefer, how well you can apply the knowledge you have acquired from the course material to an understanding of new material. The intent of sending the readings and image out in advance is to save you having to read them for the first time during the test. Finally, although the questions may anticipate a particular range of possible answers, it is quite possible that other points of comparison and contrast may be found. As long as these are consistent with the course and are based on the reader and/or the lecture material they will be accepted.
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READING 1 It is necessary to distinguish theatre orchestras from concert orchestras. The former are, in certain respects, inferior to the latter. The place occupied by the musicians, whether they are arranged on a flat stage or on a sloping plane, whether they are in a space enclosed on three sides or even in the middle of a hall, whether the reflectors consist of hard surfaces intended to reflect sound, or of soft surfaces that absorb the sound and break up its vibrations, whether these surfaces are close to or far from the musicians, all of these considerations are important. The reflectors are indispensable; and they are arranged in various configurations in any closed location. The closer they are to the sound sources, the more powerful their effect. That is why music outdoors is
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Test readings posted 2011 - What follows are the five texts...

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