Bolshevik Revolution (1917)- instilled communist fears in America, cause the Red Scare.
Spawned a small Communist party in America, used against labor unions.
Seattle general strike (1919)- modest in demands and orderly in methods. Prompted a call from
the mayor for federal troops to head off “the anarchy of Russia.”
“Red Scare” (1919-1920)- a period in which America was afraid and suspicious of anything
Russian or communist. Resulted in a crusade to weed out left-wingers suspected of unpatriotism.
A. Mitchell Palmer- Attorney General, the Fighting Quaker, who round up six thousand
suspected traitors. Doubled activities when a bomb shook his nerves and destroyed his house.
Sacco and Vanzetti (1921)- convicted of murder and killed because they were Italians, atheists,
anarchists, and draft dodgers. Proof of the fear of radicals and foreign people in America.
Ku Klux Klan- anti: foreign, Catholic, black, Jewish, pacifist, Communist, internationalist,
evolutionist, bootlegger, gambling, adultery, and birth-control. Pro: “native” and Protestant.
“New Immigration”- swelled following the war. Included people from south and east Europe,
factory workers, influx of such people caused isolationists Americans to pass restricting laws.
1921 Emergency Quota Act- allowed in three percent of the people in their nationality already
living in America in 1910. Favored the new immigrants, many were here already.
1924 Immigration Act- allowed in two percent, and cut the census back to 1890. Cut back on the
new immigrants; shut the door on the Japanese to freeze racial composition in America.
Eighteenth Amendment (1919)- banned alcohol from America, especially hurt the poorer people.
Popular in the South and West, hated by Immigrants, ignored by bribed police.
Volstead Act- implemented the Eighteenth Amendment by Congress later in 1919. Made the
world “safe for hypocrisy,” as many legislative people voted dry yet drank wet.
“Speakeasies”- replaced “men only” corner saloons with tiny windows and hard liquor. Public