Chapter 1 Notes

Chapter 1 Notes - Sociology of the Criminal Justice System...

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Sociology of the Criminal Justice System – 1/20/11 Chapter 1: Criminal Justice Today What is Crime? Any act that violates criminal law A wrong against society by law Punishable by criminal sanctions Our concept of criminality evolves and changes with society’s views The Consensus Model – used to determine if something is a crime or not Assumes that a diverse group of people have similar morals and share an ideal of what is “right” and “wrong” Crimes are acts that violate this shard value system and are deemed harmful to society The Conflict Model – also used to determine if something is a crime or not Assumes that society is so diverse that members do not share moral attitudes We’re in constant conflict in what should and should not be considered a crimes The most politically powerful members of society have the most influence on criminal law and impose their value system on the community Laws can change based on who is in power, etc. An Integrated Definition of Crime Crime is an action that is punishable under criminal law as defined by society (through consensus or a powerful minority) Considered an offense against society as a while, not against the victim Punishable by statutorily determined sanctions that bring about a loss of personal freedom or life Differences Between Crime and Deviance
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Deviance is behavior that is considered to go against the norms established by society o A subjective concept o Become crimes only when a majority is willing to accept that those acts should be punished Not all crimes are considered particularly deviant (i.e. parking ticket) Types of Crime Criminal behavior can be grouped into six categories: o Violent crime
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2011 for the course SOCL 3371 taught by Professor Raymandberranco during the Spring '09 term at LSU.

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Chapter 1 Notes - Sociology of the Criminal Justice System...

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