Chapter 6 Notes

Chapter 6 Notes - Sociology of the Criminal Justice System Chapter 6 Challenges to Effective Policing Recruitment and Training Becoming a Police

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Sociology of the Criminal Justice System – 2/24/11 Chapter 6: Challenges to Effective Policing Recruitment and Training: Becoming a Police Officer Standard minimum requirements: o U.S. Citizen o No felony convictions o Valid driver’s license (or be eligible for one) o Minimum 21 years of age o Weight and eyesight requirements (vary based on the department) Additional Common Standards: o Drug testing o Credit checks o Interviews with persons you know o Background checks o Physical agility or fitness test o Polygraph test Educational Requirements o 81% of all departments have an educational requirement (most only a high school diploma, some 2 or 4 year degrees) Training includes the police academy o Learn laws of arrest, search, seizure, and interrogation o Weapons use o Crime scene preservation o Witness interviewing
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o First aid o Self-defense o Evaluated by academy instructor at the end Training includes field training (occurs after the academy) o Takes place outside the academy o The field training officer (FTO) helps the rookie apply what was learned “to the streets” Recruiting Members of Minority Groups and Women o Only within the past 20 years have police agencies actively been recruiting women, African Americans, Hispanics, Asian Americans, and other minority groups 1964 Civil Rights Act (right to a job in law enforcement- equal opportunity) 1972 Equal Employment Opportunity Act (promoted active recruitment) o The Benefits of a Culturally Diverse Police Force Improved community relations Higher levels of service o Not required to have different physical fitness tests for women, but many do (not having separate tests could be considered a form of job discrimination) Police Organization The Bureaucratic Model o Agencies have missions, goals, structure, managers, workers, and clients, just as other organizations do o Formal rules govern the actions of each member of the agency o The ultimate goal is to reach maximum efficiency o Most departments rely on a hierarchical structure within their agency
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The Structure of the Police Department o Every department needs a clear rank structure and strict accountability to ensure proper functioning o Begins with the rank of chief o Delegation of authority is a critical component of the chain of command Policy Statements: Rules for Policing o Policies are used to govern complex situations o Must allow for discretion but must also be specific o Often include rules that specifically prohibit or require certain behavior Law Enforcement in the Field Patrol officers are lowest but most valuable The purpose of patrol o (1) The deterrence of crime by maintaining a visible police presence o (2) The maintenance of public order and a sense of security in the community o (3) The twenty-four hour provision of services that are not crime related Why have these extra duties/services? There is no one else to do them Routine patrol activities can be categorized into four areas:
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2011 for the course SOCL 3371 taught by Professor Raymandberranco during the Spring '09 term at LSU.

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Chapter 6 Notes - Sociology of the Criminal Justice System Chapter 6 Challenges to Effective Policing Recruitment and Training Becoming a Police

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