Lecture4

Lecture4 - Week 4. Narrative Form What is Narrative Film?...

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Week 4. Narrative Form
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What is Narrative Film? One of three major types of film: narrative , documentary , and experimental Tells a story Contains recognizable characters Creates a story world ( diegesis ). Historically, have been a dominant form in commercially produced and exhibited cinema. Frequently, defines our notion of what “the movies” are.
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Diegesis iegesis refers to everything in the realm of the story, as depicted by the story, whether the spectator sees it or not xamples of diegetic events in Collateral : incent hijacks a cab (6 years ago) nnie spends her evening in the library
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Nondiegetic Elements not perceivable to characters are thus nondiegetic. This includes: - “Soundtrack” music and scoring - Credit titles - Some types of voiceover narration These are all outside the story world.
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Units of Narrative Narrative films can be broken down into parts: Shot : an unedited stretch of film - the part from one edit to the next Scene : duration of film depicting one time and place in the narrative Sequence : a grouping of material reflecting a coherent unit of narrative development Film ( text ): the full feature
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Describing Diegesis For a given shot, scene, sequence, or text, one should be able to describe the diegesis concisely, without referencing the viewer. Also, one should be able to concisely identify the setting: each scene will tend to take place in one single time and place and can be identified according to screenplay format: [Int, night, night club]
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Describing Diegesis
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Narrative Content vs. Form More than any other formal element, narrative form provides the most temptation to slip back into content summary. For this reason, the textbook distinguishes between story ( fabula ): events and persons depicted plot ( syuzhet ), the way they are depicted – NOT the same as “plot” as logical chain story/fabula is the content, plot/syuzhet is narrative form
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Narrative Form How is the story information presented? Analysis of narrative form asks these questions: - Logical chain of events : how events lead one into another, how conflict drives their development - Perspective : who observes the events - Presentation : how the story's information is revealed - Characterization : how people's identities are created on screen - Tone : the film's attitude toward its characters and events
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Narrative films are about events and conflict: - Something must happen, even if psychologically - In most narrative films, the events are significant because they represent conflict. - Conflict can be external conflict or internal conflict . Films interweave external and internal conflict - Conflict drives events. Events lead from one to another, usually in logical fashion. - This logical development of events builds up into
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2011 for the course FMA 1172 taught by Professor Chriscagle during the Fall '10 term at Temple.

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Lecture4 - Week 4. Narrative Form What is Narrative Film?...

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