Intro to Cultural Studies ENGL 275_Martin

Intro to Cultural Studies ENGL 275_Martin -...

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Intro to Cultural Studies ENGL 275 12:30 Cultural Studies (the term) emerged in the 1950’s in Britain  Notable names in the field: Robert Hoggart, Raymond Williams, Thompson “the engaged analysis of contemporary cultures” o Catch-all def by Simpno During
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The Concept of Culture (Kluckhorn and Kelly) 12:30 “The Concept of Culture” Basic points Society: Group of people who have learned to work together (79) A coordinated, systematically organized population of individuals located  within a particular spatial-temporal spread o No matter how small it should be systematically organized into e.g.  hierarchy, division of labor, at least division of the sexes Language, trade, financial and educational inst., traffic laws: exemplary social  phenomena that emerge as adaptive responses to coordinate problems that  themselves perforce emerge when individuals cluster in groups Civilization: Complex way of life of “a people who live in cities (78) Culture: Artifacts of social groups of civilizations? o K and K don’t thing culture should be minimized to a list of things  produced by people High Art? o Normative view of culture, K and K stay away from this Exotic ways of life of far-flung aboriginal peoples? o Culture is something we have, not belonging to people far away For the anthropologist, a technical term referring to “the distinctive ways of life   of any given social group” (79) o But this is only a rough, first approximation of a definition What is Culture?
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The Concept of Culture (Kluckhorn and Kelly) 12:30 “A historically derived system of implicit and explicit  designs for living  which  tends to be shared by all or specifically designated members of a group” (98) Design for living? o Something ranging across individual members of a human population o Comprises both “ theory” (ways in which things ought to be done,  evaluated;  “ideal patterns” of thought, feeling, and behavior) and “ practice”  (overt, observable patterns of behaving, reacting) o Implicit of explicit interpretations of the world, (unstated) folk premises and  hypotheses about the world and how to live o Presumably:  dispositions to  believe,  reason,  desire,  value,  feel,  behave  thus and so within a given type of situation Hence: clusters of psychological properties No psychological properties   no culture   most basic unit of what  culture is Not inevitably manifested (the given situation might never arise;  defeasible; variable motivational strengths across individuals;  competing dispositions, ect.) o A source of standards, norms: violations can elicit sanctions
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Intro to Cultural Studies ENGL 275_Martin -...

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