Religion(2)

Religion(2) - Religion A system of beliefs and practices...

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Religion A system of beliefs and practices related to sacred things that unite people into a single moral community. Classification Origin and Division Distribution and Diffusion Diversity Religion on the Landscape Religion and Conflict
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Classification Universalizing – appropriate for all people, easy to join, proselytizing religions, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism. Ethnic – appropriate for selected people, difficult to join, do not proselytize, Hinduism, Judaism, Shintoism. Tribal or Animist religions – local and nature based – only found now in remote regions – some revival since 1960s – native American religions, etc.
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Origin in the Roman province of Judea Founder Jesus Christ – Son of God – executed ~ 29-30 CE Text New Testament – written by a variety of early Christians - consolidated at the Council of Carthage 397 CE Belief in eternal life through salvation provided by the resurrection of Christ Divisions Roman Catholic – Papacy – seven sacraments – transubstantiation - good works Orthodox – split 1054 CE – 14 separate churches – no single leader Protestant – Reformation 1517 – personal salvation through faith Christianity
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daily life
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Religion(2) - Religion A system of beliefs and practices...

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