urban_2011 - Urban Geography Click to edit Master subtitle...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 4/12/11 Urban Geography
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4/12/11
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4/12/11 Distribution of Cities Ø Definition of a city – legal and political – comparison using density/contiguity/development Ø Largest cities Ø Tokyo-Yokohama 34 million Ø Jakarta 23 million Ø NY 21 million Ø Density Ø Hong Kong – 65,600/mile² Ø Ahmadabad – 58,000/mile²
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4/12/11
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4/12/11 Urbanization Ø Increased growth of cities – increase in number of people and increase in percentage of people Ø Percent
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4/12/11
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4/12/11 Hearth Areas Ø First order Hearth Areas Mesopotamia, SE Asia and Middle America. Ø Second order Hearth Areas North Africa - China - India - South America - Mediterranean - Central and Southern Africa and Europe
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4/12/11 Pre - industrial Cities Ø Cities are a product of the agricultural revolution. Ø Need a surplus of food so that a portion of the population could be freed from agricultural labor. Ø Protecting and storing surplus required granaries to be build - also walls for protection. Military developed. Ø Required organization - an elite caste also bureaucrats - taxes - systems of accounting and writing Crafts people - builders - masons - architects - armorers - merchants - tailors - weavers - potters - smiths - etc. Ø Elite also developed leisure time - art (not the
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4/12/11 City Form Ø Pre-industrial cities were small - small surplus - some larger cities developed where there was a large agricultural surplus or trade (Beijing, Constantinople, etc.) Ø Primary function was defense - safest and most accessible place was the city center - therefore the rich and powerful lived at the center. Also at the center was the market place - the temple - the government buildings - the granaries and the palaces etc. Ø Neighborhoods divided by occupation.
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4/12/11 Walled Medieval City – Avila, Spain
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4/12/11 Narrow streets in a traditional Islamic Medina – Fez, Morocco
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4/12/11 Industrial Cities Ø Cities began to expand in Europe after the 2nd agricultural revolution - Netherlands - trade and shipbuilding. More food = larger cities = industrialization Ø Industrial revolution - cities grew rapidly. Allowed further expansion of agricultural production = increased surplus = larger cities
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4/12/11 City Form Ø Cities got bigger. Ø
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urban_2011 - Urban Geography Click to edit Master subtitle...

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