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-Renaissance-brings out interest in social analysis (what makes people do what  they do) -Cross-cultural analysis -papal decree: natives in America were actually human beings (1500s) -Aquinas: imperfect humans -if they were below being fully human-meant they lacked mental and moral ability,  they couldn’t be Christianized-they became “natural children”-capable of  conversion -cahokia mounds -scientific revolution -John Locke-“human thoughts and behavior are acquired not inherited and are  transmitted through learning” -enlightenment-anthropology begins to solidify -rise of positivism-now we have a middle class-humans are capable of growth -Napoleon-emperor didn’t work-so back to fundamentalism and nationalism- period of romanticism -cultural evolution- Auguste Compte: theological (everything can be explained via  deity), metaphysical (things are explain in abstract concepts), positive (thinks can  be explain in terms of other phenomena)
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