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MUSIC 162 CD 5 notes - MUSIC 162 SPRING 2008 American Pop...

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MUSIC 162 - SPRING 2008 American Pop Song Shannon Dudley Listening Examples CD #5 The Early 1960s A. The Twist 1. Chubby Checker [Philadelphia, 1960]: "The Twist" (Hank Ballard) The Twist was the first major dance craze of the rock 'n' roll era. Its success came largely through the influence of Dick Clark, perhaps the most powerful person in the music industry at that time, who had already created several "teen idol" stars (including Frankie Avalon and Fabian) through his television show American Bandstand. "The Twist" was written and first recorded in 1959 by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters, and became a moderate rhythm & blues hit. The following year Dick Clark recruited a Philadelphia singer named Ernest Evans to record the song as Chubby Checker (a name inspired by Fats Domino), and both the song and the hip-gyrating dance of the same name were heavily promoted on Clark's show. The song went to #1 on the pop charts twice, first in 1960 and again in 1961, inspiring other "twist" songs, twist dance clubs, and other dance fads. Dick Clark reaped most of the profits from the success of "The Twist," while Hank Ballard and Chubby Checker got relatively little. B. Surf Music 2. The Surfaris [LA, 1963]: "Wipe Out" This instrumental piece by the Surfaris is a surf-rock classic (#2 pop in 1963), and was also made popular by the Ventures, the most successful of the instrumental rock 'n' roll bands of this era. "Wipe Out" is a term from surfing sub-culture that describes getting knocked off your surfboard by a wave. The form is 12-bar blues. 3. The Beach Boys [LA, 1963]: "Surfin' USA" (Wilson) The Beach Boys were the first group to score a lasting national success with the California surf music style pioneered by groups such as guitarist Dick Dale and the Del-Tones. The group was formed in suburban L.A. by three teen-aged brothers - Carl, Brian, and Dennis Wilson - their cousin Mike Love, and neighbor Al Jardine. Surf music combined 1950s rock 'n' roll electric guitar style with smooth harmonies derived from vocal groups such as the Four Freshmen. Brian
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Wilson is the major songwriter, arranger and producer of the group. This song is a note-for-note cover version of Chuck Berry's "Sweet Little Sixteen," with new surf lyrics added. 4. The Beach Boys [LA, 1963]: "Surfer Girl" (Wilson) This song is the title track (inspired by the Disney song "When You Wish Upon A Star") from the album "Surfer Girl". "Surfer Girl" was the groups' first ballad and it became #7 on the Pop charts and #18 on the R&B charts. It was created in the standard ballad form (I VI iv V) with a 6/8 waltz tempo. This surf ballad is a love song, written for Wilson's girlfriend of the time. The words are touching (Little surfer, little one, make my heart come all undone) and this song takes the group in a new direction, building on lush harmonies and difficult vocal melodies. This is the sound of
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