MUSIC 162 CD 6 notes - MUSIC 162 SPRING 2008 American Pop...

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MUSIC 162 - SPRING 2008 American Pop Song Shannon Dudley Listening Examples CD #6 The 1960s -- British Invasion and Folk Rock A. British Invasion 1. The Beatles [1963]: "I Want to Hold Your Hand" (John Lennon and Paul McCartney; George Martin, producer) The impact of the Beatles - not only on popular music but on Western mass culture in general - is incalculable. They were the first of the British Invasion groups, and opened the door for many young U.K. bands. The Beatles helped reintroduce elements of 1950s R & B and rock 'n' roll into the increasingly bland American popular music mainstream. They also helped to establish the idea of the singer-songwriter. The group's origins lie in John Lennon's skiffle group, the Quarrymen, formed in Liverpool in 1955. Skiffle was the British equivalent of America's late- 1950s folk revival, an imitation of New Orleans jazz and jug band styles. Paul McCartney and George Harrison joined the Quarrymen in 1957, after meeting Lennon at a church picnic. The band, with drummer Pete Best, played in Hamburg, Germany 1960-61, developing their stage act and incorporating Chuck Berry, Little Richard, and Buddy Holly songs into their repertoire. The Beatles (a name chosen in homage to Buddy Holly's Crickets) debuted at the Cavern Club in Liverpool in 1961, and soon developed a local following. Their manager, Brian Epstein, was able to land a contract with major record company EMI after being rejected by nearly every label in Europe. Producer George Martin auditioned and signed the group in 1962, and soon thereafter Ringo Starr joined. Their first EMI single ("Love Me Do") was released in October 1962, and soon became a top 20 hit in England. After their first #1 hit ("From Me To You"), the British record industry applied the term "Merseybeat" to the Beatles and other groups from Liverpool (e.g., Gerry and the Pacemakers). EMI's American label, Capitol, had not released the 1963 recordings, which George Martin had licensed to indie labels without much success. They finally released the fourth Beatles single, "I Want to Hold Your Hand," and the LP Meet the Beatles in January 1964, and invested $50,000 for promotion in the U.S. On February 7 screaming mobs met the Beatles at Kennedy Airport, and more than 70 million people watched each of their appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show on Feb 9th and 16th. By April they had monopolized the top five positions in the Billboard pop charts. 2. The Beatles [1963]: "Can't Buy Me Love" (John Lennon and Paul McCartney; George Martin, producer)
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Released in the U.S. in April 1964, this recording consolidated the Beatles' hold on the pop charts: as of April all of the top five singles and 14 of the top 100 were Beatles records (an achievement never equaled). "Can't Buy Me Love" is a good example of Lennon and
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MUSIC 162 CD 6 notes - MUSIC 162 SPRING 2008 American Pop...

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