Glossary - Glossary of Musical Terms Organized by general...

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Glossary of Musical Terms Organized by general topics: Melody, Rhythm, Harmony, Texture, Form, Ensemble, Instruments, Other MELODY -- The aspect of music having to do with the succession of pitches; also applied ("a melody") to any particular succession of pitches Interval : The difference or distance between two pitches Key: A tonal center and mode that characterize an entire piece of music, or a section of a piece of music (e.g. a song can be "in the key of A major," or " in the key of e minor") Mode : Basically, a mode is a particular selection of pitches from which the composer or performer constructs the melody (also see scale ) Range : Used in music to mean pitch range, i.e., the total span from the lowest to the highest pitch in a piece, a section, or on an instrument Register: A specified pitch range (e.g. "upper" or "lower" register). Different registers of singing voices are commonly described as follows: Bass : the low adult male voice (also refers to the lowest vocal or instrumental line in a piece of music, or to the string instrument called the "bass") Tenor : the high adult male voice Alto: the lower female voice Soprano : the high female (or boy's) voice Pitch : The quality of "highness" or "lowness" of sound; also applied ("a pitch") to any particular pitch level, such as middle C Scale : When the pitches of a mode are placed in consecutive ascending or descending order they form a scale Major scale : One of the scales derived from the diatonic scale , commonly used in Western music Minor scale : Another of the scales derived from the diatonic scale , commonly used in Western music Pentatonic scale : A five-note scale (familiar from folk music) playable on the black notes of a keyboard Tune : A simple, easily singable melody that is coherent and complete RHYTHM -- The aspect of music having to do with the duration of the notes in time; also applied ("a rhythm") to any particular durational pattern Beat: the regular pulse underlying most music
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Glossary of Musical Terms 2 Clave: An African derived rhythmic pattern that is the guiding rhythm, or time-line, for Afro-Caribbean music like salsa. The two sticks that are struck together to play this rhythm are also called claves.
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