HIS part III notes - November 9 2009 Containing Communism I...

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November 9, 2009 Containing Communism I. The origins of an idea II. Implementing the policy a. Truman Doctrine b. Marshall Plan c. NATO III. Case studies a. Berlin, 1948 b. China, 1949 “Iron curtain” American policy to support any groups resisting Communism Economic recovery program (The Marshall Plan): 13 billion dollars to support recovery Europe; still rationing Germany is divided into zones by end of war, division of Berlin; French, British, American begin to coordinate together more, share currency; Soviets do not take part, become more defensive and cut off access to Western zones of Berlin by imposing a blockade (French-American-British bond becomes stronger) Asia (1949): Communist takeover of China Chinese civil war: Nationalists vs communists, WWII somewhat overshadows this but at the end of the war these divisions come back out; Communist takeover then Americans recognize island in south east as “true government” Paul Nitze: took over job; what should we do now to deal with communist opposition; NSC 68: military shield under which they can develop, US will implement rapid
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