Modules 1 and 2

Modules 1 and 2 - Module 1 The Story of Psychology What is...

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Module 1: The Story of Psychology What is Psychology? Psychology: the science of behavior and mental processes o Involves humans and animals o Psychologists differ in importance placed on specific types of behavior Objective observation- behaviors that we can directly see or observe. Seeing a person with arms crossed and head down you can see that they are physically arms crossed and head down Subjective observation- behaviors that we cannot directly see; must infer or guess. Seeing a person with arms crossed and head down you can infer that they are upset Psychology’s Roots- Historical Perspectives Atmosphere was breaking things down into smaller more understandable components. Biologists chemists and physicists began to break studies down further and further. Structuralism o Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)- father of modern psychology o Structuralist- a psychologist who studied the basic elements that make up conscious mental experience. o Introspection- a method of looking at oneself in order to determine what is going on in the mind. This was a way that structuarlist used to study the mind. Ex: a person would eat a piece of fruit and record all their feelings, not exactly accurate. Early Psychology Experiment - Wundt et al. measured the time lag between hearing a sound a pressing a telegraph key. They found it took about a tenth of a second. Some people consider this to be the first psychology experiment (structuralist) Historical- Functionalism o William James (1842-1910)- first American psychologist o Functionalist- a psychologist who study the function of the mind
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o ALL functionalist believe that activities of the mind serve one function: to help us survive as a species. Ex: memory serves as a way to help us survive Historical- Inheritable Traits Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) believe that character are inheritable. He believe that it was part of the family. He wanted to experiment all the ignorant. This is wrong
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