Chapter 25 - Chapter 25: Terms & Questions Points: 100...

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Points: 100 Part 1: Terms Toussaint L'Overture- He was the leader of the slave rebellion on the French sugar island, St. Domingue in 1791. His actions helped to form the independent republic of Haiti. mask of Ferdinand (junta)- In Latin America, this was the name that was given to the allegedly loyal. They displaced the Bourbon king of Spain, Ferdinand VII, around 1810. Since, their motives were not secret, those still loyal to the king fought against them. Miguel de Hidalgo- He was a Mexican priest who started the independence movement among the mestizos and Indians in 1810. He made good headway near the beginning, but was caught and executed. Augustín de Iturbide- He was a conservative Creole officer in the Mexican Army who signed an agreement with insurgent forces of independence. Their combined forces entered Mexico City in 1821. This toppled the control and he was made emperor until its collapse in 1824. Simon Bolívar- He was a Creole military officer that fought and won some battles in Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador between 1817 and 1822. His successes eventually led to independence for Gran Colombia. Gran Colombia- This was the independent state created as a result of the victories made by Simon Bolivar. However, it existed only until 1830, at which time Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador became separate nations. José de San Martín- He was the leader of the independence movement in Rio de la Plata. He also led the independence movement of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata by 1816. Later, he also led imdependence movements in Chile and Peru. Dom João VI- He was a Portuguese monarch who established a seat of government in Brazil from 1808 to 1820 as a result of Napoleon’s invasion of the Iberian Peninsula. He made Brazil the seat of the Empire, with Rio de Janeiro as the capital. Dom Pedro I- He was the son of Dom João VI, and he succeeded his father in Brazil. He helped to create the declaration of independence from Portugal in 1822, and afterwards became the emperor of Brazil. Dr José Rodríguez de Francia- He was the ruler of independent Paraguay. He was a dictator, but was taken down in 1840. Andrés Santa Cruz- He was a mestizo general who established the union of independent Peru and Bolivia between 1829 and 1839. caudillos- This was the name given to local independent leaders who ruler their areas by force in defiance of national policies. Sometimes they seized national government, and tried to impose their concept of rule. These leaders were typical throughout the newly independent countries of Latin America. Rafael Carrera- He was a caudillo that was a conservative. He was one of a few who ruled like this. He ruled Guatemala from 1839 to 1865, and sincerely took the interests of the Indians to heart. “centralists”-
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Chapter 25 - Chapter 25: Terms & Questions Points: 100...

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