Chapter 24 - Chapter 24: Terms & Questions Points: 100 Part...

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Points: 100 Part 1: Terms Kingdom of Mataram- This kingdom controlled most of interior Java in the 17th century. However, their weakness of the state after the 1670s allowed the Dutch to expand their control over all of Java. sepoys- This was the other name for Indian troops that were trained in European style, and served the French and British after they took over some of the islands during the 17 th century. British Raj- This was the British political establishment in India. This was installed by the British East-India Company in the 18 th century. This was a result of France and England’s struggle for power in India. battle of Plassey (1757)- This was a battle between the troops of the British East India Company and an Indian army under Siraj-ud-daula, ruler of Bengal. The British were victorious, and they gained control of northeast India. Nawab & Robert Clive- Nawab was the ruler of Bengal, whereas Robert Clive was the architect of the British victory in 1757. Indians spies had helped Clive gain information. After the victory, he was also the men that established foundations of the Raj in northern India. Presidencies- The three cities of Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay. These three districts comprised the bulk of British ruled territories in India during the early 19th century. Princely States- Indian princes that were allied with the Raj ruled these states during the early 19 th century. However, agents of the East India Company were stationed at their courts to ensure loyalty. nabobs- This was the name given to Britons who went to India to make fortunes through graft and exploitation during the 18 th century, They usually returned to Britain to live richly. Charles Cornwallis- He was a British official who had lost the American colony for the British. However, he reformed East India Company after corruption took over during the 1790s. evangelicals & utilitarians- Evangelicals wanted English education, language, and technology to be brought into the country. They also pushed to prevent sati. Utilitarians believed that human societies ought to be run properly, and provide decent living conditions to all classes. These thinkers agreed with the evangelicals. sati- This was the burning of the Hindu-women on their husband’s funeral pyres. Sometimes this was voluntary, but other times the wives were tied to the pyres, drugged, or shamed into doing it. The Evangelicals fought against this in the 1830s. “gunboat diplomacy”- This refers to the pursuit of foreign policy objectives with the aid of conspicuous displays of military power. Isandhlwana (1879)- During this war, the Zulu defeated the British army. It was one of the few indigenous victories over 19th-century European armies. tropical dependencies-
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This note was uploaded on 04/12/2011 for the course HIST 123 taught by Professor Mr.shmit during the Spring '11 term at St. Vincent.

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Chapter 24 - Chapter 24: Terms & Questions Points: 100 Part...

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