Chapter 23 - Chapter 23: Terms & Questions Points: 100...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Points: 100 Part 1: Terms population revolution- This was the huge growth in population in Western Europe beginning about 1730. It was the prelude to industrialization. In France, the population increased by 50 percent, and England and Prussia by 100%. proto-industrialization- This was the preliminary shift away from an agricultural economy in Europe, and workers become full or part-time producers. Many worked at home in the capitalist system, and materials, work, orders, and sales depended on urban merchants. This was also a prelude to the industrialization. American Revolution- This was the rebellion of the British American Atlantic seaboard colonies. It lasted from 1775 to 1783, and resulted in the independence of the British colonies and the eventual formation of the United States. French Revolution- This was the revolution in which the French overthrew of the Bourbon monarchy. The revolution began in 1789 and ended in 1800, and a republic was created. It also began Napoleon's French empire. Other countries drew off of this success and it became a source of many liberal movements and constitutions in Europe. Louis XVI- He was the Bourbon ruler of France who was executed during the radical phase of the French Revolution in 1792. Bastille- This was a prison that was stormed by a riot on July 14 th , and it became the revolution’s symbol. However, not many prisoners were actually kept at that prison. Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen- This was adopted during the French Revolution, and it was much like the American Declaration of Independence. It proclaimed the equality of French citizens and it claimed that people had the freedom of thought. Humans had the natural right to “liberty, property security, and resistance to oppression. This document became a source for later liberal movements. guillotine- This was a method of human execution that was utilized during the French Revolution against thousands of individuals, especially during the Reign of Terror, 1793. Maximilien Robespierre- He was born in 1758, and earned his law degree in 1781. The leader of the radical phase of the French Revolution, and he headed the prosecution of the king in 1792. He presided over the Reign of Terror, and even tried to replace Catholicism. He became the single-minded revolutionary, and focused less on social reforms. He was convinced that he knew what the people wanted, but he was arrested and executed by moderate revolutionaries. Napoleon Bonaparte- He was an army officer who rose in rank during the wars of the French Revolution. He became a general and led a coup that ended the French revolution and established the French Empire. He ended the democratic phase of the revolution, and became emperor.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/12/2011 for the course HIST 123 taught by Professor Mr.shmit during the Spring '11 term at St. Vincent.

Page1 / 5

Chapter 23 - Chapter 23: Terms & Questions Points: 100...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online