Chapter 22 - Chapter 22: Terms & Questions Points: 100...

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Points: 100 Part 1: Terms Asian sea trading network- Before the Europeans arrived, this network was divided into three zones. The Arab zone was based on glass, carpets, and tapestries. The Indian zone was based on cotton textiles. The Chinese zone was based on paper, porcelain, and silks. These zones existed during the 16 th century. carvels- These were slender, long-hulled vessels that were used mainly by the Portuguese during the 15 th century. They were highly maneuverable and able to sail against the wind. Without these ships, then trade in Asia might not have been as strong. Goa- In 1520, the Portuguese captured this factory or forfeited trade town that was located on the Western coast of India. This was one of the sites that was used for forcible entry into Asian sea trade network. Ormuz- In 1507, the Portuguese took over this factory of fortified trade town that was located at the southern end of the Persian Gulf. This was also a site that was needed for the forcible entry into the Asian trade network. Malacca- In 1511, the Portuguese captured this factory or fortified trade city, but this was the most critical of all the captured cities because it had been a center for Asian trade for a long time. It was located on the tip of the Malayan Peninsula, and it continued to be a center for trade. Batavia- This was the Dutch fortress located on the island of Java. The Dutch Trading Empire established this in 1620, after they had captured Malacca. This located was closer to the islands that were sources of key spices, and this also improved European knowledge of Asian geography. Dutch Trading empire- This trading empire that had the same components as the Portuguese: fortified towns and factories, warships on patrol, and monopoly control of a limited number of products. However, the Dutch had more ships and they were better armed, and their monopoly was much more systematic. Their trade focused on spices. Eventually their presence led to the Portuguese downfall sometime in the 1600s. treaty of Gijanti (1757)- After the Dutch conquered Java, this treaty was signed in 1757 to reduce the remaining Javanese prices to vassals of the Dutch East Indian Company, which allowed the Dutch to monopolize production of coffee on Java. Luzon- The Spanish conquered this islands during the 1560s. It was easily conquered because the animistic inhabitants lived in small states that the Spanish picked off one by one. Mindanao- This islands was not as easily conquered during the 1560s. A single Muslim ruler ruled this island. This kingdom resisted Christian dominance, but eventually fell to the Spanish. “tribute regimes”- The indigenous peoples lived under their own leaders, but the leaders paid tributes to the Europeans. The products were produced by coerced labor under the direction of local elites.
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Francis Xavier- He was a Spanish Jesuit missionary who worked in India during the 1540s. He worked with the outcast and lower caste groups, but made little impact with the
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Chapter 22 - Chapter 22: Terms & Questions Points: 100...

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