Chapter 21 - Chapter 21: Terms & Questions Points: 100 Part...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Points: 100 Part 1: Terms Factories- These were Portuguese forts and trading posts that had resident merchants. The Portuguese starting establishing these factories around 1481 so that they could control trade and secure landing posts. El Mina- This was the most important factory that was established in 1481/1482 in the heart of the gold- producing region of the forest zone. lançados- They were trade contacts and collection points inside of the African continent that provided essential links between the economies of the African interior and the nodules of European mercantilism on the coast. These were probably first established a little bit after 1482. Nzinga Mvemba (Kongo Kingdom)- He was the ruler of the Kongo kingdom from 1507 to 1543. During his rule he brought the entire kingdom to Christianity, Portugal and Kongo exchanged ambassadors, and the peoples lived together with a similar equality. However, the Portuguese began enslaving his people and he then limited their activities, but this was only partially successful because he needed them to communicate and trade with the outside world. Luanda- This was the first permanent settlement built by the Portuguese in the 1570’s on the west coast of Africa. This became the basis for the colony Angola. Royal African Company- This was an English charter that delivered slaves to the colonies in Barbados, Jamaica, and Virginia. This was a very popular among British merchants in the 1660’s. Indies piece- In the Spanish system, a healthy slave man was called an Indies Piece, and children and women were priced at fractions of that value. triangular trade- This trade took place in the late 18 th century. Slaves were carried to the Americas; sugar, tobacco, and other goods were carried to Europe; and European goods were sent to the coast of Africa, which began the triangle from Africa to America to Europe again. “chattel slavery”- These slaves were considered things instead of people. This began in the African societies, where one person owned most, if not all, land. Asante- In the area called the Gold Coast this nation rose to prominence in the slave-trading period. They consisted of at least 20 small states that were based on matrilineal clans. After 1650 they receives firearms for their cooperation with the Europeans. These new weapons led to a period of centralization and expansion. Osei Tutu- He was the vigorous ruler in 1717. He created the asantehene that linked together many of the clans, while still respecting the autonomy of the subordinate areas. He was also the first one to utilize the Western firearms. asantehene- This was the name for the supreme civil and religious leader. Osei Tutu created this name sometime during his rule, which began in 1717. His power was used to unit the clans and form the Asante Empire.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/12/2011 for the course HIST 123 taught by Professor Mr.shmit during the Spring '11 term at St. Vincent.

Page1 / 5

Chapter 21 - Chapter 21: Terms & Questions Points: 100 Part...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online