Chapter 16 - Chapter 16: Terms & Questions Points: 100 Part...

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Points: 100 Part 1: Terms Italian Renaissance- Italy was the first area that the Renaissance affected. It started in between the 14 th and 15 th centuries and it was the rebirth of all Italian living. It challenged Medieval, political, intellectual, economical, and religious values. Culture was also changed; this includes art and literature. Niccolo Machinvelli- He was a politician during the Italian Renaissance who emphasized realistic discussions of how to seize and maintain power. He used the Greeks and Romans as examples and eventually his knowledge could be used to disprove traditional church claims. humanism- This way of thinking evolved during the Italian Renaissance and focused on humankind as the center of intellectual and artistic endeavor, instead of a mighty God or heavenly being. However, the thinkers did not attack religions, but just made their teachings less dominant. Northern Renaissance- Once the Renaissance died down in Italy in around 1450. The countries in the North: France, England, Germany, Poland, and Hungary, all became interested in the classical styles of the Renaissance. However, the effect was not as grand in this area. Francis I- He was the king of France in 1515. He became a patron of the arts and even brought in Italians to build classic artworks and palaces. He also allied with the Ottoman sultan. However it was just a name alliance no fighting together actually occurred, but this foreshadows the end of the feudal justifications. Johannes Gutenburg- He was a German who in the 15 th century invented printing. He built on the Chinese printing technology, but he remade it into a moveable type of printing. This made writers more important. European-style family- This style came into existence in the 15 th century. It involved a later marriage age, late 20’s, and a more nuclear family pattern rather than an extended family pattern. Martin Luther- He was a German monk who in 1517 nailed a document of 95 theses to the door of the castle church in Wittenberg. He was fed up with the papal representative because they sold indulgences and grants of salvation when a person should only gain salvation through devout faith. He wanted priests to marry and the bible to be available in a language other than Latin so that everyone could read it. In the 16 th century he received a lot of support and soon created Protestantism. Protestantism- This was a religion started when Martin Luther attacked Catholic beliefs in 1517. It was a general wave of religious dissent and it urged state control of the church because the believers did not what the papal in charge. Anglican church- This was the church set up in England under Henry VIII around the time of the Protestant reformation. He mostly did this because the papal wanted him to remain in his first marriage even though it did not produce a male heir. Jean Calvin –
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This note was uploaded on 04/12/2011 for the course HIST 123 taught by Professor Mr.shmit during the Spring '11 term at St. Vincent.

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Chapter 16 - Chapter 16: Terms & Questions Points: 100 Part...

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