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Webwork 14 - St Petersburg QuickTime and a decompressor are...

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QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. St. Petersburg
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Introduction “St Petersburg is a relatively young city, by both  Russian and European standards, and was only  founded in 1703 by Tsar Peter the Great.”  However, this does not mean that its history is dull and  incomplete.   On the contrary, city life from “venice of the North” to  modern day has always been bustling with life and  intrigue, revolution and mystery.  Despite its short life  so far, Petersburg has a rich and exciting history.  “St. Petersburg is a beautiful and fascinating holiday  destination and one of the most intriguing and  historically significant cities in Europe.”  It has always been a great city to visit regardless of the  season.   The winters are snowy and romantic and the White  Nights of the summer are dazzling.   The culture and beauty of this city is breathtaking. QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. Winter: above White Night (11 p.m): below
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Pre-history “The lands along the Neva River have belonged to the Ancient Russian state since at  least the 9th  century AD,” but many different cultures lived in this area: Slavs, Finns and  other cultures.  Principality of Novgorod was founded in the 9th century and was an “important center of  domestic and international trade and craftsmanship,” Novgorod merchants traded with  Western and Northern Europe and the Hanseatic League. In 1240, Southern and Central Russia were fighting the Mongol invasion, and during this  time a Swedish invasion landed on the banks of the Neva River.  “The Novgorod troops of Prince Alexander went out to meet the foe and on July 15, 1240  fought the Battle of The Neva (Nevskaya Bitva).”  The Russians were victorious and “Prince Alexander was given the name Alexander  Nevsky (i.e. Alexander of the Neva) and was later declared a Saint of the Russian  Orthodox Church for his efforts to protect Russia and its Christian faith,” he is also the  patron saint of St. Petersburg.  In the 16th century Moscow became the greatest city subduing the power of Novgorod,  so that in the early 17th century, serious unrest began to brew after the last tsar died  leaving no heirs. The new ruler, invited the Swedes to fight on his side, which turned out to be a huge  mistake because the Swedes took advantage of the weak Russian state and instead  occupied a significant portion of North-Western Russia. 
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Founded During the Russian Northern War with Sweden, the Swedish garrison surrendered by May 1 1703. 
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