Chapter 15 - Chapter 15: Terms & Questions Points: 100...

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Points: 100 Part 1: Terms Ottoman Empire- A Turkic empire in Asia Minor was established in 1299. They eventually extended their territory thoughout the Middle East. They had a conquest for Constantinople and defeated the Byzantine Empire in 1453. After the Mongols had retreated they succeeded the Seljuk Turks. Ibn-Rushd (Averroës)- He was a philosopher from Muslim Spain. In around the year 1300, he had espoused Greek rationalism, but the Islamic nation ignored him. Ming Dynasty- This dynasty was started in 1368 when the Mongols were finally pushed out of China. A peasant lead took the capital at Beijing and named this dynasty the “brilliant” dynasty. For a time they tried to get in on the trade happening in the Middle East, but backed out. It was to last until 1644. Beijing- This was the old Mongol capital. A peasant took this capital in 1368 when the Mongols were expelled from China. Cheng Ho- He was an admiral and ennuch, a guard for the emperors wives. He led all of the trading expeditions between 1405 and 1433. He was a Muslim from west China and was therefore a good choice for dealing with the Muslims along his trade route. Black Death- The Bubonic Plague that originated in Asia sometime in the 14 th century. It reduced the population by 30% in China by 1400. It spread to India and the Middle East where it killed thousands per day. The worst European impact occurred between 1348 and 1375, in that time 30 million people had died, almost one third of Europe’s population. Hundred Years War (See page 234)- A long war that began in the 14 th century, 1337-1453, between England and France over territories that the English King controlled in France. Renaissance- This was a cultural and political movement that started in Italy in the 1400’s. In the beginning secular art and literature were expressed. Then urban vitality and expanding commerce took over Italy. Venice- The early Renaissance had a great impact on Italy and their ports. New ships were being brought in. Venice became on the buildings blocks for commerce. This city also went on a series of conquests along the eastern coast of the Adriatic. Giotto- He was one of the first painters during the Renaissance to lead the way into art that involved nature and people. compass/astrolabe- They were technological inventions used in ships to determine latitude at sea by using the stars and to tell a person to which pole they were sailing. Portugal, Castile and Aragon- In 1400, regional monarchies were formed in Castile and Aragon only to be united through marriage in 1469. Portugal had vigorous military and effective armies. Their government promoted Christianity and there was a close link between church and state.
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This note was uploaded on 04/12/2011 for the course HIST 123 taught by Professor Mr.shmit during the Spring '11 term at St. Vincent.

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Chapter 15 - Chapter 15: Terms & Questions Points: 100...

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