At a first glance, these two philosophies seemed to have very similar paths, but on a closer
level with the knowledge the answer seemed apparent.
Chinese philosophy is based on the
teachings of Confucius and Lao Tzu; in other words, around human virtues. Greek philosophy is
The Greek sought to understand what the world really consisted of and was based
on thought rather than actions.
Chinese virtues are notorious for their strict ethics and high standards.
The base for this
started in ancient times.
However, not all Chinese philosophies agree with one another.
creator of Taoism, believed that humans should surround themselves with nature, but he also
believed in the goodness of people.
In Document A, Lao Tzu states that being good will take you
far and being bad will only shorten your time.
Confucius agreed with these morals to some extent,
but his teachings focused more on the righteous, respectful behavior of people to one another.
Golden Rule,” Document B, is a prime example of how Confucius thought human behavior should
In that document Confucius informed readers of how a civil man should act, touching on many
major points including: loyalty, truth, learning, and respectfulness.
Government structures even
stressed the points of human virtue.
Such as in Document C, Confucius stresses that a government
that rules by punishment and bribe, Legalism, will not teach its people to have a sense shame for
they will just avoid any kind of punishment and not learn the feeling of shame.
Through the course
of Chinese philosophy, human virtues were tied into more and more areas of human life.
Document D warns people by telling them to guard their doors from “tigers,” traitors who would
wish to harm them.
This illustrates a period when a persons morals and status determined their
Greek philosophies are almost one hundred percent different.
The Greeks were a highly
In their philosophies they sought knowledge of the world around them,
whether the meaning of the world was in material possessions, materialism, or ideas, idealism.
also know that knowledge is just reason, rationalism.
Document E really represents Rationalism
because Plato realizes and uses his reason to know that he is not extraordinarily smart, which in
turn makes him very wise.
Materialism is something that many people struggled with.
believed that material wealth and pleasures made gave them a better understanding of the world.
When really it made them more susceptible to the sadness of the world if they were to lose that