ancient - At a first glance, these two philosophies seemed...

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At a first glance, these two philosophies seemed to have very similar paths, but on a closer level with the knowledge the answer seemed apparent. Chinese philosophy is based on the teachings of Confucius and Lao Tzu; in other words, around human virtues. Greek philosophy is quite different. The Greek sought to understand what the world really consisted of and was based on thought rather than actions. Chinese virtues are notorious for their strict ethics and high standards. The base for this started in ancient times. However, not all Chinese philosophies agree with one another. Lao Tzu, creator of Taoism, believed that humans should surround themselves with nature, but he also believed in the goodness of people. In Document A, Lao Tzu states that being good will take you far and being bad will only shorten your time. Confucius agreed with these morals to some extent, but his teachings focused more on the righteous, respectful behavior of people to one another. “The Golden Rule,” Document B, is a prime example of how Confucius thought human behavior should be. In that document Confucius informed readers of how a civil man should act, touching on many major points including: loyalty, truth, learning, and respectfulness. Government structures even stressed the points of human virtue. Such as in Document C, Confucius stresses that a government that rules by punishment and bribe, Legalism, will not teach its people to have a sense shame for they will just avoid any kind of punishment and not learn the feeling of shame. Through the course of Chinese philosophy, human virtues were tied into more and more areas of human life. Document D warns people by telling them to guard their doors from “tigers,” traitors who would wish to harm them. This illustrates a period when a persons morals and status determined their “humanity.” Greek philosophies are almost one hundred percent different. The Greeks were a highly knowledgeable people. In their philosophies they sought knowledge of the world around them, whether the meaning of the world was in material possessions, materialism, or ideas, idealism. The also know that knowledge is just reason, rationalism. Document E really represents Rationalism because Plato realizes and uses his reason to know that he is not extraordinarily smart, which in turn makes him very wise. Materialism is something that many people struggled with. They believed that material wealth and pleasures made gave them a better understanding of the world. When really it made them more susceptible to the sadness of the world if they were to lose that
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This note was uploaded on 04/12/2011 for the course HIST 123 taught by Professor Mr.shmit during the Spring '11 term at St. Vincent.

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ancient - At a first glance, these two philosophies seemed...

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