Islam - The Islamic World was essential for most of the...

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The Islamic World was essential for most of the Afro-Eurasia cultures because it provided stable civilizations. Many of the civilizations in these areas were separated and struggling. However when the Muslims took over vast areas of land, Islam provided a stable religion across an area that had previously contained different cultures, but still allowed the cultures to retain some individuality. Islam not only became important in most areas of these civilizations from government to religion, but the other cultures also heightened the Islamic civilization. However, they could not solidify control over all of the areas they conquered. The Islamic religion unified many cultures and brought some peace, but also offered a sense of individuality. Islam itself is built of five main points as explained in Document B. Only Allah is the deity and Muhammad his apostle, prayer, paying the zakat, a pilgrimage to Mecca, and a fast at Ramadan. The author of this believes that Allah is the greatest and could sweeten the high points of Allah only and forget about any negative aspects. A Muslim prayer, Document A, shows that “God alone is great,” and the person reciting the prayer admits that “there is no god but [Allah].” This shows that the people of Islam were very attached to their god and believed that Allah was the most important god. Tolerance of Islamic beliefs is shown in Document D when the king of Mali was on a pilgrimage and was stopped and told to see the Sultan in Egypt. However, the king would not kiss the ground before the Sultan because of his love for his God, Allah. The Sultan understood and actually had a long conversation with him despite his lack of “respect.” This shows that other cultures have accepted Islam, but this Document was written by an Arabian historian and could have been warped so that the outcome was favorable. Islam itself covered a large area, from Africa to Asia; thus, unifying many people who would have been far away from an advanced civilization by providing a stable religion and government. However, some alterations occur in the process of the religion and the way that it is observed in separate areas. For example: in Document I Ibn Battuta, a non-bias man on a pilgrimage, reveals information about a people in central Asia, Khwarizmians, who have special procedures involving the attendance of prayer services. In their civilization the imam in front of the congregation will beat those people who do not attend service with a whip. Document J contrasts this by displaying a simple gathering of people with others working outside of the building with no punishment of the sort happening. Islam also provided a strong government with strong leaders both politically and in regards to the armies, but they could not have done it also because other cultures helped the Islamic culture advance. The Caliph was the religious ruler of the Islamic community, but they other Islamic kings had to obey him. Benjamin Tudela, Document G, says that the Caliph has as much power over his subjects as the Pope has
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This note was uploaded on 04/12/2011 for the course HIST 123 taught by Professor Mr.shmit during the Spring '11 term at St. Vincent.

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Islam - The Islamic World was essential for most of the...

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