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Unformatted text preview: AP World History Pre-Columbian Americas: Readings This reading set contains the following: Reading 1: Mogolllon Culture/Anasazi Culture/Hohokam Culture Reading 2 Who Were the Ancestral Peueblo People Reading 3: Anasazi Culture at its Height/ J.J. Brody Reading 4: The Mound Builders/ from Atlas of the North American Indian Reading 5: Descriptions of Tenochtitlan from Cortes and Dias Reading 6: Mesoamerican Poetry by Nezahualcoyotl Reading 7: Inca Laws from Cobo Reading 8: Aztec Traders by Pomerantz Map of Tenochtitlan region of Mexico Reading 1: Mogolllon Culture/Anasazi Culture/Hohokam Mogollon culture culture of a group of North American Indians who, between about 200 BC and AD 1200, lived in the mostly mountainous region of what is now southeastern Arizona and southwestern. New Mexico. (The name derives from the Mogollon Mountains in New Mexico.) The culture is. presumed to have developed out of the earlier Cochise culture; with additional influences from elsewhere. Tile first pottery in the Southwest was made by the Mogollon, and it was well-made from the beginning, . suggesting that the craft may have been imported from Mexico. The Mogollon culture has been variously divided into developmental periods; consensus is lacking because of incomplete evidence and because of the different rates of development at different, communities at different times. Frequently, however, scholars make reference to five developmental periods, named after representative sites Pine Lawn period, about 200 BC-ad 500; Georgetown period, 500-700; San Francisco period, 700-900; Three Circle period, 900-1050; and Mimbres period, 1050-200. During the earliest, or Pine Lawn, period the Mogollon Indians lived in small villages of circular pole- pit houses, the floors of which were from 10 to 40 inches (25 to 100 cm) below ground level; entrance was usually through tunnels. Food was obtained principally from wild seeds, roots, and nuts, though incipient agriculture apparently existed. Hunting was probably unimportant since neither arrow or spear points nor animal bones are often found. Pottery, as already noted, was being made and differed in type from that which Would be developed by neighbouring Indians. The same basic pattern continued in the Georgetown period, except that corn (maize) cultivation and game hunting assumed preeminence and -more varieties of pottery appeared. This modified pattern persisted into the San Francisco period, though the pit houses became rectangular and stronger in construction; more pottery types also developed. In the Three Circle period the means of subsistence continued as before, but, along with the older type of pit houses with mud-plastered walls, there appeared rectangular pit houses constructed of stone masonry. Separate ceremonial pit houses were also present. Both developments suggest influences from the Anasazi culture to the north. Pottery types became more various and sophisticated....
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