The origin of species - product of the random and...

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The origin of species Natural history: actively based on field work, similar to zoology and biology collecting massive data. However these two fields involves large amount of time in the lab rather than the field research. Research in Galapagos: Each island in Galapagos has its own eco systems, each species evolved independently according to the separate climate. Malthus’s theory on population—overtime species increase geometric rate while resources increase arithmetic rate—fosters the natural selection. Chapter 2: variation under domestication: everyone breeds to make better product Chapter 3: variation in out wild: Chapter 4: natural selection: nature here really opposes artificial or mainly selection. This selection is superior to any other selection. Platonic legacy in 19 th century tells that every species are designed to grow according to its tilos. However Darwin opposes to this idea and states that the evolution was the mere
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Unformatted text preview: product of the random and accidental natural selection, resulting the survival of the fittest. The guy called Owen supported the tilos theory saying that structural similarities are not related to its functions, and these similarities are adapted to the given environment. However what Owen argues is that these are the result of divine design of God. Darwin was interested in the notion of Homology that Owen asserted, but Darwin emphasizes that this is not an ideal but physical. Oneness is not in terms of grand metaphysical idea of God, but it is physically descended from its ancestors (genealogy). Lemeis: gave convenient system of naming species. However by 19 th century the goal of his field, taxonomy, was to find essential identity of the creatures. Darwin reveals that the essential identity of creatures is its genealogy....
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