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5 april - (2 Unfair business practices(8:4-6 2 Critique of...

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AMOS A. The book of Amos 1. Stages in the book’s growth: we cant assume it goes back to Amos a. Individual oral speeches of Amos b. Speeches written down, collected and edited c. Final form: Amos 1-9 2. Some passages might derive from editors, e.g., 9:11-15 B. Biographical information about Amos (1:1; 7:10-17) 1. From Tekoa in Judah 2. Herded sheep and/or grew sycamore trees 3. Judean prophet who went north to speak in Israel 4. His prophecies date ca.750 BCE C. Historical background: the reign of Jeroboam II (ca. 788-748) 1. Territorial expansion into northern Transjordan 2. Economic prosperity 3. Widespread national and religious pride 4. Economics polarization: widening gap between upper and lower classes 5. Judicial discrimination a/g lower classes 6. Counter-expansion of Syria ca. 755 onward 7. Anti-Jeroboam sentiment in Israel ca. 755 onward D. The Message of Amos 1. Social criticism a. The affluent oppress the “poor and weak” (2:6-7) b. Specific wrongdoing (1) Unjust judicial practices (5:10-12)
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Unformatted text preview: (2) Unfair business practices (8:4-6) 2. Critique of the cult (4:4-5; 5:21-24) a. Reflection on an extravagant cult of Jahweh b. A wholesale rejection of the cult? No c. Amos condemns the cult only when it is not accompanied by social justice 3. The Judgment theme a. Expectation of divine judgment predominates in Amos b. The disaster(s) that Amos expects? (1) End of the house of Jeroboam (7:9,11) (2) Oppression by an adversary (3:11; 6:14) (3) Exile of the population (4:2-3; 6:7; 7:11) (4) End to prophecy (8:11-12) c. Amos’s reinterpretation of old traditions of salvation in order to proclaim judgment. E.g. (1) The election tradition in 3:2 Israel’s status as the special people of Yahweh is the reason why the Yahweh’s of the nation will be especially harsh (2) The “day of Jahweh” in 5:18-20 The “day of Yahweh” is a time when Yahweh will fight against Israel, not for Israel....
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5 april - (2 Unfair business practices(8:4-6 2 Critique of...

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