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10 March - Saul and the Rise of the Monarchy Era of Joshua...

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Saul and the Rise of the Monarchy Era of Joshua Era of Judges Era of United and conquest Monarchy 1 Samuel 12 ------- 1 Kings 11 Samuel’s Solomon’s Farewell Death A. Deuteronomistic view of the monarchy: Samuel’s farewell speech (1 Samuel 12) 1) Before the monarchy Jahweh alone was Israel’s king 2) Monarchy = the people’s idea, not Jahweh’s 3) Request for human king = a rejection of Jahweh as king 4) Jahweh will tolerate the monarchy if the people and king obey Jahweh’s commandment 5) Implied danger or evil of the monarchy: religious apostasy, followed by divine punishment (see v. 25; cf. 2 Kings 17:8) B. Early anti-kingship source (1 Samuel 8) 1) Monarchy = people’s idea not Jahweh’s 2) Request for human king = rejection of Jahweh as king *3) Danger/evil of the monarchy: the kings will oppress the people C. Early pro-kingship source (1 Samuel 9:1-10:16; 11:1-15) 1) Monarchy = Jahweh’s idea. He implements it. 2) Purpose of king: to deliver Israel from foreign enemies, especially the Philistines.
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