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test 2 notes - REL 1004 Test 2 Notes March 4 2010...

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REL 1004 Test 2 Notes March 4, 2010 1INTRODUCTION TO THE DEUTERONOMISTIC HISTORY Pentateuch Former Prophets Gen Deut Josh 2 Kgs A. The “open” ending of the Pentateuch -raises questions that it doesn’t answer -leaves the reader wondering what will happen (will the Israelites actually inhabit the land promised to them?) -the reader must keep reading to find out – the Former Prophets B. The Former Prophets (Joshua, Judges,1 & 2 Samuel,1 & 2 Kings) -Ruth is treated as a historical book in the Catholic Canon, but the HB has Ruth under the Writings section 1. Content: the history of Israel in Palestine from Conquest (1200s?)---------------------------------------------------- Exile (586) 2. Organization: Sequence of eras Joshua and the Conquest (Josh 1-24) The Judges (Judg 1 - 1 Sam 12) -no king; governed by “charismatic people” called Judges -they are deliverance heroes The United Monarchy (1 Sam 12 - 1 Kgs 11) -kingship -Israel and Judea are governed by one king, hence “united” -Saul is the first king; David; Solomon (1 Kngs 11 is when Solomon dies) The Divided Monarchies (1 Kgs 12 - 2 Kgs 25) - Judea splits from Israel – two kingdoms The Beginning of the Exile (2 Kgs 25) 1. Pentatechal sources don’t continue in Josh-Kings. 2. Old diverse materials in Josh-Kings, e.g., conquest narratives, town lists, border descriptions, cultic legends, prophetic legends, excerpt from royal annals (official records) and temple records. 3. Key Passages written in the style of Deuteronomy a. speeches by major characters -Jahwey; Solomon; Samuel b. summaries of history -These passages look backward and forward on Israel’s history and stress the importance of obeying God’s laws and covenant. 4. Late additions to Deuteronomy that allude to the Babylonian exile (586). 5. Josh-Kings ends with report on the beginning of exile. (2 Kings 25). C. The theory of the Deuteronomistic History (DtrH) 1. The DtrH was once a separate work: Deut - 2 Kgs.
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2. Dtr editors produced the DtrH ca. 560 BCE, during the Exile. -must come after the last part of the writings (which would be the Exile in 586 BCE) 3. Two literary strata in the DtrH: a. Old (pre-Exilic) materials, e.g., -Josiah’s law book (Deut 5-30), hero stories, cultic legends, prophetic legends, town lists, border descriptions, excepts from royal annals and temple records b. Passages written by the Dtr. editors, especially -speeches by major characters -summaries of the history -The editors combined the old materials to produce a long continuous narrative. -They inserted passages of their own which interpret the history. 4. Purpose/Goal of DtrH: to explain the Exile. a. Covenant law in Deut (which maybe Josiah’s Law Book) = standard by which to judge Israel’s behavior in the land. b. Josh - 2 Kgs demonstrates that Israel transgressed the covenant law.
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test 2 notes - REL 1004 Test 2 Notes March 4 2010...

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