Module 10 (Lec 2)- Special Populations, orthopedic and respiratory

Module 10 (Lec 2)- Special Populations, orthopedic and respiratory

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Unformatted text preview: Exercise for Special Populations Populations Orthopedic and Respiratory Orthopedic Problems Problems Outline Outline Exercise and orthopedic problems Exercise and respiratory problems – COPD – Asthma – Restrictive Diseases Benefits of Exercise for Individuals with Special Concerns with Increased stamina Enhanced quality of life Increased energy levels Decreased risk of diseases such as heart disease & type II diabetes Overall wellness Orthopedic Problems Orthopedic Bone and joint disorders – Osteoarthritis – degeneration of cartilage, affects millions of Americans, usually over 40 – Rheumatoid arthritis – inflammatory arthritis, more common in younger (20’s, 30’s) women, wt control and exercise are important components of treatment – Joint injuries Use large muscle groups distant from injury Avoid weight­bearing exercises at the affected area Respiratory Problems Respiratory Subtypes of respiratory disease – Obstructive Obstructive – Restrictive – Mixed – Pulmonary Vascular Hypertension Respiratory Diseases - Pathology Respiratory Ventilatory Impairments – Increased airway resistance – Reduced compliance – Increased work of breathing – Ventilatory muscle weakness – Ventilatory inefficiency – Ventilatory muscle fatigue – Ventilatory failure Obstructive Diseases Obstructive Result of narrowing of the airways leading Result to uneven distribution of ventilation to Chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema, Asthma “Blue Bloater” Exercise and Respiratory Problems - COPD COPD COPD – Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease – Usually a combination of emphysema (a destruction of lung tissue) and chronic bronchitis (chronic inflammation of the airways) – Extremely common among long­time smokers – Leads to an inability to “catch your breath” – a sensation of breathlessness – Limits exercise due to inability to get oxygen into the blood – Exercise (e.g., walking) can be used in the treatment of COPD, for example to improve endurance of the respiratory muscles Exercise and Respiratory Problems Asthma Asthma Asthma – A condition that reduces the size of the airways leading to the lungs (“bronchoconstriction”) – Generally, all exercise and sports activities are OK, with caution and planning – Approximately 17.6 million adults (18 and Approximately 17.6 over) were told that they had asthma (CDC,1997) (CDC, – More females (10.1 million) than males (7.4 More than million) have asthma have – More people in the South have had Asthma South than in any other region (CDC, 1997) (CDC, Exercise and Respiratory Problems Asthma Asthma – Safety concerns with exercise Have asthma medication readily available (inhaler) May need to avoid cold, dry air as that aggravates asthma in some people Avoid air pollution Restrictive Diseases Restrictive Restriction of lung volume by disease Restriction involving the thorax or the lung parenchyma parenchyma Diseases of the rib cage and spine – Diseases scoliosis, spinal cord injury, pleuritis, obesity obesity Involves inflammation of the interstitial and Involves alveolar tissue w/ accompanying fibrosis alveolar “Pink Puffer” “Pink Puffer” Summary Summary Orthopedic problems mandate special consideration when prescribing exercise. Several different types of respiratory diseases exist. Exercise is beneficial in those with respiratory diseases in that it improves respiratory muscle and skeletal muscle function (extremities). Asthmatics who can control asthma medically can safely participate in exercise. ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/12/2011 for the course BIO 154 taught by Professor Wilson during the Spring '11 term at N. Arizona.

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