Chapter 15 Poverty

Chapter 15 Poverty - Chapter 15 Poverty Introduction...

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Chapter 15 Poverty Introduction Poverty can be defined as a condition of deprivation due to economic circumstances that is severe enough that the individual in this condition cannot live with dignity in his or her society. The administration of Lyndon Johnson established a wide range of antipoverty programs in the 1960s—programs for education, job training and placement, housing—as a part of its “ War on Poverty .” Within just a few years, many of these programs, and the whole ideology behind them, were coming under attack. At the core of the debate about poverty in America is the question of whether poverty is the cause of social ills such as crime, poor educational outcomes, and divorce, or their result . Perverse incentives are reward structures that lead to suboptimal outcomes by stimulating counterproductive behavior; unintended consequences are results of a policy that were not fully anticipated at the time the policy was implemented, particularly outcomes that are counter to the intentions of the policymakers. The Culture of Poverty The culture of poverty theory argues that poor people adopt certain practices, which differ from those of middle-class or “mainstream” society, in order to adapt and survive in difficult economic circumstances and that sometimes they continue to rely on these practices even after they are no longer useful and are potentially detrimental. The culture of poverty theory was part of a backlash against the policies implemented by President
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2011 for the course SOCI 1301 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at HCCS.

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Chapter 15 Poverty - Chapter 15 Poverty Introduction...

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