02.overview - I refuse to accept the view . that the bright...

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• “I refuse to accept the view . .. that the bright daybreak of peace and brotherhood can never become a reality.” --Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech, 12/10/1964
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Human Behavior is like the weather!
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Stereotyping and prejudice- Overview • Defning stereotypes, prejudice, discrimination • Historical roots oF stereotype research • Three approaches to stereotyping/ prejudice • Cognitive approach • Intrapsychic/ psychodynamic approach • Socio-cultural approach • note on the target’s perspective
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Defnitions Stereotypes : – BelieFs about the attributes typically possessed by members oF a group Prejudice : – AFFective (emotional, evaluative, visceral) disposition toward members oF a group by virtue oF their group membership Discrimination : – Unequal treatment oF members oF a group relative to members oF another group or groups because oF their group membership.
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Stereotypes Prejudice Discrimination Cognition Affect Behavior Bias
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Stigma : – an attribute or characteristic that conveys a social identity that is devalued in a particular social context.
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Bias Stigma Perpetrator’s perspective Target’s perspective
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“ A Short Description of the People Who Live in Europe and their Defining Characteristics” Name Customs Nature Spanish: Arrogant French: Frivolous Germans: Open-hearted
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Walter Lippman (1922): Public Opinion Distinguished between “the world outside and the pictures in our heads” Connotations: •Not true to reality •Illogical •Guide Perception •Rigid •Directly Linked to Prejudice
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The trouble with Jews is that they only take care of their own group. •Mr. Y: But the record of the Community Chest campaign shows that they gave more generously, in proportion to their numbers, to the general charities of the community, than did non-Jews. •Mr. X: That shows that they are always trying to buy favor and intrude into Christian affairs. They think of nothing but money; that is why there are so many Jewish bankers. •Mr. Y: But a recent study shows that the percentage of Jews in the banking business is negligible, far smaller than the percentage of non-Jews. •Mr. X: That’s just it; they don’t go in for respectable business; they are only in the movie business or run night clubs. In Allport, G. (1954),
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 167 taught by Professor Mendoza-denton during the Fall '11 term at Berkeley.

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02.overview - I refuse to accept the view . that the bright...

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