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03.methods - Intrapsychic psychodynamic approach...

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Intrapsychic / psychodynamic approach Socio-cultural approach Cognitive approach
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Intrapsychic/psychodynamic approach: Reaction Formation Anxiety-producing impulses are replaced by its opposite in consciousness e.g., people frightened by their own sexual impulses may become actively involved in a “ban the filth” vigilante group. They use their energy to ban what is most threatening thus the id impulses are expressed, but in disguise that makes them acceptable to the ego
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Interpersonal Judgment Scale (range: 6 -42) Greenberg, J., Pyszczynski, T., Solomon, S., Rosenblatt, A., & Veeder, M. (1990) Evidence for Terror Management Theory (Study 1)
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Stereotypes as energy-saving devices: a peek inside the cognitive toolbox Macrae, Milne, & Bodenhausen (1994) Nigel : Caring Honest Reliable Upstanding Responsible Unlucky Forgetful Passive Clumsy Enthusiastic John : Rebellious Aggressive Dishonest Dangerous Untrustworthy Lucky Observant Modest Optimistic Curious Julian : Creative Temperamental Unconventional Individualistic Sensitive Fearless Active Cordial Progressive Generous
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Stereotypes as energy-saving devices: a peek inside the cognitive toolbox Macrae, Milne, & Bodenhausen (1994) Nigel : Doctor Caring Honest Reliable Upstanding Responsible Unlucky Forgetful Passive Clumsy Enthusiastic John : skinhead Rebellious Aggressive Dishonest Dangerous Untrustworthy Lucky Observant Modest Optimistic Curious Julian : artist Creative Temperamental Unconventional Individualistic Sensitive Fearless Active Cordial Progressive Generous
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Macrae, Milne, & Bodenhausen (1994) Mean number of traits recalled
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Macrae, Milne, & Bodenhausen (1994)
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Macrae, Milne, & Bodenhausen (1994)
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Name Custom s Nature Spanish: Arrogant French: Frivolous Germans: Open-hearted I ntrapsychic/ Psychodynamic Approach
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Socio-cultural approach Realistic conflict theory : the theory that limited resources lead to conflict between groups and result in increased prejudice and discrimination Rooted in class/ economic group conflicts of interest society/ culture socializes us to discriminate social events shape ingroup/outgroup hostility
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Hovland & Sears (1940) Years High er Price of cotton (economic index) Hig her Number of lynchings of African- Americans
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Group 1933 1951 1969 Americans industrious intelligent materialistic ambitious progressive
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