05.personality - Finding coherence in personality and...

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Finding coherence in personality and person perception processes Prof. Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/are-we-born-racist
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Basic Assumptions of Personality Psychology Stable qualities characterize individuals Conceptualized as dispositions (e.g., conscientiousness, sociability-friendliness) Expressed as consistent, stable behavior (e.g., conscientious behavior in many situations and over time
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Illustrative data: Cross-situational consistency
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The personality paradox (Bem & Allen, 1974; Mischel & Peake 1982)
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Intra-Individual Patterns of Behavior Variability: Behavior X
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Three Choices Retrench (e.g., Meehl, Newcomb) Aggregate out the situation : The “aggregation” solution Take the if…thens… seriously : are they meaningful expressions of personality?
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Aggressive Behavior Profiles Across Situations
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First clues
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Situations - Behaviors Interpersonal situations tracked Peer positive contact Peer teased, threatened Adult praised Adult warned Adult punished Behaviors tracked Prosocial Talk Whine Comply Physical aggression Verbal aggression
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Child #29 profile stability r=0.87
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Child #49 profile stability r=0.61
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Child #9 profile stability r=0.89
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Child #28 profile stability r=0.49
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UNITS WITHIN THE SYSTEM Types of Cognitive Affective Units in the Personality Mediating System 1. ENCODINGS : Categories (constructs) for the self, people, events, and situations (external and internal). 2. EXPECTANCIES AND BELIEFS : About the social world, about outcomes for behavior in particualr situations, about one’s self-efficacy.
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