espm c10 paper 2 - Dickerson 1 Kelsie Dickerson ESPM C10:...

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Dickerson 1 Kelsie Dickerson ESPM C10: Environmental Issues Section 101 31 March 2011 GMO Controversy: What to Believe From producing synthetic insulin in bacteria to engineering herbicide-resistant crops, the development and use of genetically modified organisms has been and will most likely continue to be a fascinating, uncertain, and entirely controversial frontier. Traditional breeding of organisms involves selecting two similar beings with advantageous traits and inducing them to mate, and then repeating this process over and over until the desirable traits remain and the undesirable traits are eliminated. By contrast, genetic engineering entails the movement of only a few genes (which can, in theory, derive from a completely dissimilar organism) to another plant or animal (Ahmed 2004). In the United States, we currently grow several different types of genetically modified organisms, including herbicide-tolerant soybeans, insect-resistant corn, high-laurate canola, and virus-resistant plums. We are also developing other genetically revised products such as vitamin-enriched rice, quickly maturing Coho salmon, and tobacco and maize with vaccines for specific diseases (Phillips 2008). These products have the potential to alleviate many problems but at the same time pose the risk of negatively impacting their surrounding ecosystems; hence there is both unrelenting support and skeptical opposition for these genetically altered beings.
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Dickerson 2 There is a large quantity of information available to the public on this divisive topic. Since the issue is not only relevant to the exclusive scientific community but also the general public, it presents itself very frequently throughout popular media as well as in various scientific databases. This subject appears in a diverse range of sources, including newspapers, magazines, government documents, scientific journals, and published literature. Peer-reviewed scientific sources are directed toward the more learned scientific community, whereas other sources (referred to as “gray literature”) are directed more toward the general population. Each article, book, or passage provides a wealth of evidence intended to engage and inform the reader. Notable dissimilarities persist among these different texts, however, with respect to their methods of presenting and interpreting the information. In particular, there are biases existing in gray literature that are more muted in peer-reviewed text, resulting in disparities among the different perspectives, styles, and types and reliability of evidence presented. Different sources inevitably analyze issues from different points of few.
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espm c10 paper 2 - Dickerson 1 Kelsie Dickerson ESPM C10:...

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