Soc 222 midterm girl notes

Soc 222 midterm girl notes - Sport physical activity...

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o Sport – physical activity through competition, a part of some organized association, winning and losing matter. o Game – founded upon play, something that is manifested in physical or mental effort, governed by some form of rules. o Play – voluntary activity played out in arbitrary boundaries, no serious purpose, meaning or goals beyond those within the activity of play itself. What is a Sport? Winner, Loser, Ball. Sport in History o Mayan and Aztec, Mesoamerican ballgame 1500 BC – probably invented the first organized sport. o Greek Olympics 776 BC o Roman games 264 BC o Iroquois lacrosse 1000 AD Most played sports are not gender specific and can be played anywhere (B-ball / soccer) The Mesoamerican Ballgame o Middle America: Mexico, Central America. o Based on artifacts, show organized sport. o Argument: 1 st organized sport in the world. o Found over 1500 ball courts in Mesoamerica. o Important to their culture, religion, life in general. o Courts: had relatively standard shape (capital I) o Rubber ball was first introduced o Made from trees dripping with natural ooze, forms together to make rubber ball (natural rubber). Mayan face: created in 1500 BC o On forehead: corn kernel. o On cheeks: corn crops / stalks. o Corn: necessary for food and they would worship gods for good weather to have successful crops. Stone model w/ kneepads. Ballplayers wore kneepads. o Mutilation of mouth: combination of lip and tongue o Shows they self mutilated.
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o In Mesoamerican ballgame you couldn’t use your hands, you hit the ball w/ shoulders and hips. On courts: at ends there were places for kinds to sit. o Object: to put balls through rings on slanted sidewalls. o If you get through hoop: magical, very rare. o Sport of life & death: sometimes losers were sacrificed on the spot or taken to sacrificial grounds where they were beheaded. o Sacrificed to Gods to ensure crop security. o Could be used for religious events / rituals. Clothing – showed power / status o Yolks – hip protectors. o Put spools in their ears. o
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Soc 222 midterm girl notes - Sport physical activity...

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