Soc 352 exam 2 - Soc 352 Sociology of the Family Winter...

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Soc 352: Sociology of the Family – Winter 2010 Professor Aimée Dechter DETAILED COURSE OUTLINE FOR SECOND EXAM Weeks 5-10, February 4, 2010 – March 11, 2010 The exam will be held March 16, Tuesday 4:30-6:00 PM. 1) DIVERSITY IN THE FAMILY a) Race – a social construction. A classification of individuals by skin tone. b) Interrelationship between Race/Ethnicity and Class i) Discrimination in Housing and the Creation of Large Disparities in Wealth (1) The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and homeownership (a) Redlining -the practice of denying, or increasing the cost of, services such as banking, insurance, access to jobs, access to health care, or even supermarkets. (b) Huge impact on racial differences in assets through today (2) Urban Renewal -a program of land redevelopment in areas of moderate to high density urban land use - public efforts to turn aging, unused, decaying city parts to urban areas (living areas) (3) Relationship between residential mobility and social mobility - social mobility refers to the degree to which an individual’s family or group’s social status can change throughout the course of their life through a system of social hierarchy or stratification - residential mobility is the frequent change of resident, either in the same city or town, or between cities, states, or communities (a) Growth of white middle class result of assets (i) federally subsidized mortgages (ii) Growth of housing value in segregated suburbs. (b) Growth of African American middle-class result of earnings (i) dual breadwinners: husbands and wives work (ii) education ii) Social Capital (1) Definition - advantages that one can obtain through social connections (2) Immigrant Strategies to Obtain Social Capital (a) Cuban bankers Relied on applicants reputation and integrity rather than ability to pay back loan (b) Vietnamese Would pool money in family, supported each other (c) Asian rotating credit unions (d) Others c) Class and Ethnic Differences in the Contemporary Family i) Increasing divergence in family patterns by class and ethnicity (1) Early adulthood Earlier childbearing, more children, and less centrality of marriage (2) The “Decline” of Marriage and Reproductive Strategies (a) Postponement of marriage Lower classes married earlier (b) Divorce African-American highest divorce, Asian Indian/Chinese least
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(c) Childbearing outside of marriage Lower classes had greater non-marital childbearing (Black, Puerto Rican, African Indian) ii) Support from Kin (1) Class differences in Kinship ties Extended kinship is a family with two or more generations living in one household (a) Extended kinship ties of women-centered network (i) Benefits and costs More to support but had reliable people (b) Vertical kinship structure of non-poor Vertical kinship based on lines of descent (grandfather to father to son) d) Sources of Ethnic/Class Differences in Family i) Historical Legacies economic decline, segregation, lack of marriageable men, immigration, discrimination, social
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Soc 352 exam 2 - Soc 352 Sociology of the Family Winter...

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